Total sanitation: Involving the community in Bangladesh

Community: The involvement of local government and village committees is crucial to achieving a scale-up beyond the reach of small NGOs. Women members of the village committee express their views on sanitation.

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Sanitation: Hygiene awareness with children

Children: The best carriers of hygiene messages are children. They can benefit themselves from hygienic practices and also influence their parents. Songs and poems are the most effective way to spread messages.

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Dreams and cash: marketing a latrine

An important reason to buy a latrine is prestige. The fact is that most Bangladeshis working abroad have a dream to have a ‘pacca’ house with a latrine. This dream is an inspiration. Most customers need to pay cash for latrines, but the remittences from the middle East help to finance the dream of a nice latrine

Sanitation: Women want privacy and comfort

The real reasons for latrine adoption are more subtle:
• privacy
• comfort
• safety
This girl would not marry a boy whose family does not have a latrine.

Involving women in the sanitation comittee

Women are the group that benefits most from latrines. They are also the driving force for Total Sanitation and can influence the entire village. The families can save considerable amounts of doctor‘s fees through sanitation. This lady is member of the WATSAN committee in her village.

Woman and total sanitation in West Bengal

Women are the key to Total Sanitation. While women are most interested in health effects, they are also happy about greater privacy and comfort.

Why do women want a latrine?

Women are most interested in having a latrine. Health aspects are important for them, once they are aware that diarrhoea can be avoided by using latrines. The women in this film do even know how much they save on health expenses.

When I have money…I will make my latrine beautiful

When I have money, I may build a supersculptue
Latrine owner: This man is proud to have a cheap latrine – and his family is pressuring him to invest in a better super-structure. He will do this once he has the money to spare.

Small latrine producer in a village

Small producer: In almost every village there is a highly motivated workshop owner, eager to sell latrines and other cement-based products. Some produce latrines as a second job, next to farming. This man produces 20 to 25 latrines per month.

Sanitation production as an NGO activity: Latrine production

In West Bengal, latrine production centres are run by NGOs. They are not very profitable – in fact, just breaking even. For the NGOs it is more important that they create employment.